OpenNebula – Using SPICE for VM graphics

OpenNebula 4’s Sunstone GUI comes with NoVNC so you can open VNC connections against your VM if you configure the graphics section. NoVNC is awesome and offers secure websocket connections. However, I sometimes have problems with VNC’s mouse pointer position (it’s not a problem with OpenNebula or NoVNC just a qemu/vnc issue) and the trick about using tablet usb pointer shown in this discussion solves it.

If you want a different way to connect to your KVM guests you can try SPICE. If you’re curious about using SPICE in CentOS/RHEL please read Timothy Lee’s howto which is a great guide and helped me to understand how to use remote-viewer and what packages should I need.

Ok hands on. In the OpenNebula VM template I just set:

  • GRAPHICS=[KEYMAP=”es”,TYPE=”SPICE”,LISTEN=”0.0.0.0″]

If you wish to specify a port in the graphics section you have the explanation In OpenNebula’s documentation. If no port is specified OpenNebula will use the VNC_BASE_PORT variable set in /etc/one/oned.conf ( 5900 ) + your VM’s id e.g my VM has ID 7 so the SPICE/VNC port will be 5907.

A Spice server connection opened by qemu-kvm will be listening in any address (0.0.0.0) but in order to connect from a remote host I need an iptables rule e.g:

  • iptables -I INPUT -m tcp -p tcp –dport 5907 -m state –state=NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
  • service iptables save

From my Fedora desktop I have to install virt-viewer and spice-client:

  • yum install virt-viewer spice-client

And finally I open a spice connection with remote-viewer:

  • remote-viewer spice://haddock.macto.local:5907 &

A new window is shown. Enjoy!

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4 thoughts on “OpenNebula – Using SPICE for VM graphics

    • n40lab says:

      Hi Alan,
      I’ve never used what you are asking me. I’ll try this week to use my lab and answer if I’m successful. Thanks for reading my blog.

      Like

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