Project Atomic – Installing VM with Vagrant, Libvirt and get more space for the /var/lib/docker directory

I’m playing with Project Atomic. I use Vagrant in my Fedora 23 desktop as helps me to increase my productivity when working with VM :D. As I prefer to use libvirt over VirtualBox as my vagrant provider I install the following packages:

sudo dnf install vagrant-libvirt virt-manager

By default the Atomic Host virtual machine has little space for new containers and images (about 2 GB) so if you don’t remove your containers often you’re not going to have much fun. In this post I’m installing the atomic-host and assign more space to the /var/lib/docker directory which is the place our images, containers and other docker files will be stored.

I create the Vagrantfile for the official atomic-host box:

vagrant init centos/atomic-host

Then I edit the Vagrantfile. I’m adding a QCOW2 file that will act as a virtual disk (I’m using 30G). I use as a reference the vagrant-libvirt documentation. I add the following lines after = “centos/atomic-host”

config.vm.provider :libvirt do |libvirt| :file, :size => ’30G’

I start the virtual machine:

vagrant up –provider libvirt

In the vagrant up logs I can see that a new 30 GB disk has been added to the virtual machine.

==> default: — Disks: vdb(qcow2,30G)

==>default:– Disk(vdb): /var/lib/libvirt/images/atomichost_default-vdb.qcow2

Now I open a SSH session:

vagrant ssh

I create a partition for the /dev/vdb disk and change type to LVM so I can add more storage in the future easily. Here are shown only the important parts:

sudo fdisk /dev/vdb

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
p primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
e extended
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): Press Enter
First sector (2048-62914559, default 2048): Press Enter
Using default value 2048
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (2048-62914559, default 62914559): Press Enter
Using default value 62914559
Partition 1 of type Linux and of size 30 GiB is set
Command (m for help): t
Selected partition 1
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition ‘Linux’ to ‘Linux LVM’
Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

Now I’m going to use Logical Volume Management. That way if I need more space in the future I could add a new virtual disk to the logical volume. First I create the physical volume for LVM:

sudo pvcreate /dev/vdb1
Physical volume “/dev/vdb1” successfully created

I create a volume group and add the /dev/vdb1 partition to that volume group:

sudo vgcreate atomic_vg /dev/vdb1

I create a logical volume group and add all the space available in the volume group

sudo lvcreate -l 100%FREE -n atomic_lv atomic_vg

I add a filesystem to the logical volume partition. The logical volume is where I will store all the /var/lib/docker files. I’m using XFS as my filesystem type.

sudo mkfs.xfs /dev/mapper/atomic_vg-atomic_lv

I add an entry to /etc/fstab

sudo sh -c “echo ‘/dev/mapper/atomic_vg-atomic_lv /var/lib/docker xfs defaults 0 0’ >> /etc/fstab”

I stop the docker service so no newer files are copied to the existing /var/lib/docker directory

sudo systemctl stop docker

I mount temporarily the logical volume under /media

sudo mount /dev/mapper/atomic_vg-atomic_lv /media

I copy all the existing files from /var/lib/docker to the logical volume

sudo sh -c “cp -r /var/lib/docker/* /media/”

I umount the logical volume

sudo umount /media

I try to mount the new partition:

sudo mount -a

I check that the new /var/lib/docker is ready

sudo df -kh

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/mapper/atomic_vg-atomic_lv 30G 33M 30G 1% /var/lib/docker

There it is 30 GB for my new images and containers!. Finally I start againt the docker engine service:

sudo systemctl start docker

Well that was long, wasn’t it, but at least I’ve more space to play now!

Note: In case you want to add more space using a new qcow2 after you’ve already run vagrant up, according to this issue,  if you’ve already instantiated the VM with vagrant up, if you change the Vagrantfile to add a new disk (e.g :file, :size => ’30G’) it won’t work after a vagrant reload, no new virtual disk will be added so alternatively you can halt the virtual machine and use virt-manager to add a new disk and follow the fdisk, pvcreate, mount steps…


Service definition to run Cockpit on system startup for CentOS Atomic SIG

I’m working these days with Project Atomic. You should have a look to the awesome Quickstart guide.

I’ve chosen to use Vagrant with the CentOS Atomic SIG so playing with Project Atomic is really easy (change to virtualbox if using that provider :D)

vagrant init centos/atomic-host; vagrant up –provider libvirt

One of the first things I’ve tested is Cockpit’s web server manager. It’s pretty cool and easy to install following the guide.

Once inside the Project Atomic host, Cockpit’s container is intalled with the following command:

vagrant ssh
sudo atomic run cockpit/ws

Remember, I use this blog so I don’t forget my notes. I’m just sharing with you the service definition needed to run Cockpit on system startup when working with CentOS Atomic SIG and not Fedora’s version which is explained in the source for this post. This file must be placed at /etc/systemd/system/cockpitws.service

Description=Cockpit Web Interface

ExecStart=/usr/bin/docker run --rm --privileged --pid host -v /:/host --name %p cockpit/ws /container/atomic-run --local-ssh
ExecStop=-/usr/bin/docker stop -t 2 %p


Then just enable and start the service and the Cockpit container will run and be ready to serve at 9090 port (user vagrant/vagrant or root/vagrant).

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable cockpitws.service
sudo systemctl start cockpitws.service


Cool stuff Project Atomic and Cockpit.